What research method describes the structures of experience as they present themselves to consciousness without recourse to theory deduction or assumptions

1) What research method describes the structures of experience (AKA meanings) as they present themselves to consciousness without recourse to theory deduction or assumptions from otherdisciplines?A. Case studyB. PhenomenologyC. Grounded theoryD. Quasi-experimental2) The logic of causal inference requires an experimental basis where two or more groups arecompared on one or more variables. In simplest form an experiment also requires?A. Random selection of subjects from a populationB. Elimination of subjects that seem resistant to treatmentsC. Random assignment of subjects to treatment and control groupsD. Matching of subjects on key characteristics3) The issue of generalizability is an aspect of?A. Internal validityB. Field experienceC. Research realismD. External validity4) A qualitative method where data is collected and the themes and concepts based on dataanalysis emerge during the study?A. PhenomenologyB. HermeneuticsC. EthnographyD. Grounded Theory5) A Nomethetic approach to research focuses upon the study of?A. IndividualsB. GroupsA. IndividualsC. ChildrenD. Non-Methetics6) In the context of qualitative research design the primary instrumentation to be used is?A. SurveysB. A quality research matrixC. Observation protocolsD. The researcher7) Intrinsic changes in subjects that take place over time and are not related to treatment effects isknown as?A. BiasB. Non-treatment effectsC. MaturationD. Experimental variance8) Which of the following analysis methods cannot be applied to experimental research?A. T-testsB. Regression analysisC. Analysis of Variance (ANOVA)D. None of the above9) An ethical necessity in conducting research with human subjects is to obtain?A. An indemnification from litigationB. Informed consent from participantsC. Access to sufficient data to complete the studyD. Applicable evidence that the study was not harmful10) A quantitative design that involves multiple independent variables and combines all levels ofthe independent variables with all other levels is know as?A. Split designB. ANOVAC. Factorial DesignsD. Covariate Design11) A quasi-experimental research design that looks much like an experiment but lacksrandomized assignment of subjects to treatment conditions is known as?A. Interrupted Time Series DesignB. Repeated Measure DesignC. Nonequivalent Control Group DesignD. Ad Hoc Design12) An idiographic method of research focuses upon?A. An individualB. A specific problemC. A particular contextual settingD. A particular group13) Anything that can be identified as varying in assigned value can be a ?A. HypothesisB. PerspectiveC. VariableD. Constant14) One reason given for Mixed Method Research is to bring richness and detail to the studyexploring specific features of each method. This purpose is referred to as?A. ComplementarityB. TriangulationC. DevelopmentD. ExpansionA. Complementarity15) Positivist and Post-Positivist perspectives on research adhere to the perspective ofPhilosopher of Science Karl Popper who held that all stated research hypotheses must be?A. Stated in a manner that excludes the self as a means of reducing biasB. Simply stated to avoid misinterpretationC. Self-contained in relationship to the complexity of the studyD. Falsifiable based upon empirical evidence obtained through scientific procedures16) A design method in quantitative research that is used to control for order of effects withouthaving all possible orders is called?A. Analysis of CovarianceB. Chi SquareC. Latin SquaresD. Repeated measures17) Where R = Random Assignment Subjects to Treatment conditions; NR = No RandomAssignment; X = Treatment and O = Observation which of the following allows for causalinferences to be made regarding the effect of treatment?A.RXOR_OB.RXOC.NR X ONR _ OD.NR O X O18) Time focus of a research design can involve assessing a condition and looking backwards tosubject history or assessing a condition and looking forward to the effects the come manifestover time. This is known as?A. Inward OutwardB. Retrospective ProspectiveC. Artifactual SpeculativeD. Focused Unfocused19) To be applicable to meaningful research a research question must be?A. Purposeful in direction of what is being askedB. Positive in formulationC. Answerable within the scope of chosen research practices instrumentation and proceduresD. Legitimate within the scope of existing societal values toward research20) Three common and well known methods of data collection for Qualitative Research Designsare?A. Surveys psychometric tests rating scalesB. Interactive interviewing written descriptions by participants observationC. Video recording computer files InternetD. Spatial recording artifact review non-specific archeology21) Name a qualitative research design that focuses in-depth upon a single case example of thephenomena being studied that can be an individual person an event a group or an institution.A. Case studyB. PhenomenologyC. Ethnographic analysisD. Narrative analysis22) A Cross-sectional method studies an issue of interest at?A. ContinuouslyB. Several points in timeC. A single point in timeD. Over a duration of time23) Qualitative research with human subjects typically involves __________ and __________without specific forms of scaled measurement.A. artifacts tracesB. tests critical itemsC. interviews observationsD. instruments interests24) A single group pretest posttest research design cannot infer causality of relationshipbecause?A. Too few subjects are involved in the research process under this designB. There are no means of eliminating alternative explanations for the observed changes in contrast to atreatment effect because there is no random assignments to treatment and control groupsC. There are too few groups to conduct an Analysis of VarianceD. Correlation does not equal causation 25) A cross between a cross sectional design and longitudinal design is known as?A. A single case designB. A reversal designC. A sequential designD. Matched pairs design




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