week 9 for lx 2018

Points of Distribution (POD) can be extremely beneficial in disaster situations. They can also create concerns during an operation in regards to transporting supplies, safety, security and finding an optimum site for establishing a POD.

Pick one area, either beneficial or detrimental; briefly explain how that would affect a disaster operation, and how you would improve upon the process.

here are 2 different answers plz paraphrase really good one

answer 1

The Point Of Distribution is a system utilizes an accessible, centralized location where the general public is able to obtain specifically determined emergency supplies such as food, water, and/or prophylactic medications following a disaster. To be effective in times of disaster, community-level PODs must be predetermined related to location, supplies, implementation, and access. POD plans are developed by local health departments in coordination with the United States (U.S.) Department of Homeland Security Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA). Together these agencies develop the POD plan, including the location, staffing needs to deploy the system, and specific commodities to be distributed (Harkness & DeMarco, 2016). Agencies develop training programs to assist public health personnel to maintain competency related to the POD system, and specifically in the activation in the event of a disaster (Harkness & DeMarco, 2016).

Transportation is the element in the logistics chain that makes it possible for assistance to arrive at the site where it is required (the arrival of goods from abroad, as the movement of them within the country). When defining the transportation strategy, it is important to take into consideration not only the necessary means and resources to move the supplies, but also to determine what the actual possibilities and alternatives are to deliver assistance. Alternative means, methods, and routes should be considered as a matter of course. Supplies should not just be moved in any way and at any time, but that the challenge is to do so safely and in a timely manner. This requires may be the use of all the available means. When deciding which means of transport to use, we have to think about two tasks: the needs on the ground (urgency, type of supplies, distance of the destination, other conditions, as routes, weather, etc.) and feasible forms of transport (available means, cost, transmission capacities, etc.).

When a consignment is on the road, it must be protected against damage, the weather, theft, and other eventualities, while when hazardous materials are transported, basic, standardized security measures must taken into consideration. As concerned as the route, the selection must be taken depending on the kind of transport available, the urgency of the delivery, and the delivery schedule. Some basic principles are the following:

The safest route must be chosen even if it is not the fastest or shortest one.

It is important to identify key services along the way, such as places where one may obtain fuel, food, mechanical repairs or medical care. It is also important to identify potentially insecure segments of the route. Any change or deviation from the agreed-upon route, as well as any other special situation that may arise during the trip, must be communicated immediately to the nearest base, whether it is the point of departure, the delivery point, or a base in between. Similar principles have defined for the air operation, including landing site, kind of aircraft, etc.


Haghani, A. E., & Afshar, A. M. (2009). Supply chain management in disaster response. University Park, Penn.: Mid-Atlantic Universities Transportation Center.

Rafferty-Semon, P., Jarzembak, J., Shanholtzer, J., (January 31, 2017) “Simulating Complex Community Disaster Preparedness: Collaboration for Point of Distribution” OJIN: The Online Journal of Issues in Nursing Vol. 22, No. 1, Manuscript 3.

Harkness, G. A., & DeMarco, R. F. (2016). Community and public health nursing: Evidence for practice (2nd ed.). New York, NY: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.

answer 2

he most significant area that can be detrimental to Points of Distribution (POD) is safety and security. I think these two areas go hand and hand with one another. In order to have safety security measures and personnel are needed. For instance, in the video we watched in class the African Mercy did not have armed security guards protecting them. Instead, they utilized storage containers as a border to protect their resources. While protecting the people inside and outside the POD are important it is also essential to protect the resources. The point of the pod is to provide resources that are not readily available or dispense needed medications. Therefore, if the pod does not have enough staff acting as security some issues occur. The first being people become unruly and agitated. This is because whatever the event is has affected them in some way whether that being them taking time to come to the Pod. People are going to be aggravated and feel other emotions. It’s essential to have a security presence as a reminder for people to act accordingly or that they will be removed. Also, security needs to secure the resources especially if its medications. Thieves would enjoy getting a hold of whatever supplies are being dispensed to sell them for a high profit. It is vital to have the resources secured and locked while being guarded to ensure that they are appropriately distributed.

It is easy for all of these possibilities to occur due to lack of planning and/or lack of security personnel and safety measures. To improve these possible safety issues, the POD site manager needs to maintain constant communication with all team members. This dialogue can bring up any suspicious people, items, or any other issues needing addressing. Having one entrance and one exit and possibly rotating those two, if the pod is for multiple days. If things are done in a routine, the POD is an opportunity for robbers. Having more than enough security personnel doing rounds, crowd control managers, and securing the resources. It’s better to have too many officers than not enough.

If safety and security measures are not accounted for in the planning phases of a POD plan, it will undoubtedly fail. Reference

CDC. (n.d.). Health Care Closed Points of Dispensing | CDC. Retrieved March 20, 2019, from https://www.cdc.gov/cpr/readiness/healthcare/closedPODtoolkit.htm

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