Descriptive epidemiology is used to evaluate trends in health and disease and to be able to make comparisons among the population and subgroups within countries; and to provide a basis for planning, provision, and evaluation of services.
As a health officer, you have been asked to collect information to characterize and summarize tuberculosis epidemic in your state.
Write a paper in which you do the following:
- Discuss the pattern and distribution of the disease in the population of your state as well as subgroups within the state.
- What recommendations would you make to your administrator based on your findings?
- Describe the basic types of epidemiologic study designs that are used to test hypotheses, identify associations and establish causation.
Be sure you support essay with evidence from the literature.
Expectations: Length: 2–3 pages, excluding title page and references. 4 References from required reading.
Required Readings:Boston University School of Public Health (n.d.). Overview of analytic studies. Retrieved from http://sphweb.bumc.bu.edu/otlt/MPH-Modules/EP/EP71…
Carneiro, I. & Howard, N. (2011). Introduction to epidemiology (2nd ed). Open University Press: New York, NY. ISBN: 9780335244621
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). (2012). Lesson 1: Introduction to Epidemiology, Section 6: Descriptive Epidemiology. Principles of epidemiology in public health practice (3rd ed.), pp. 1-31. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Office of Workforce and Career Development, Atlanta, GA. http://www.cdc.gov/ophss/csels/dsepd/ss1978/lesson…
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2014). E-learning course – Introduction to public health surveillance. Accessed from https://www.cdc.gov/publichealth101/documents/intr…
Ellis-Christensen, T. (2016). What is descriptive epidemiology? Retrieved from: http://www.wisegeek.com/what-is-descriptive-epidem…