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Cherry (2018) states that the main different between intrinsic motivation and extrinsic motivation is that extrinsic motivation arises from outside of the individual whereas intrinsic motivation arises from within the individual. Extrinsic motivation occurs when an individual is motivated to perform a behavior or engage in an activity to earn a reward or to avoid a punishment (Cherry, 2018). In other words, an individual with extrinsic motivation will engage in a particular behavior to get something in return, or to avoid something they do not want; they will not engage in a particular behavior because they enjoy it (Cherry, 2018). A person with intrinsic motivation engages in a certain behavior because they find it personally enjoyable or rewarding, not because they desire an external reward or something else (Cherry, 2018). Where I work, when a patient thinks a nurse has gone above and beyond, they can nominate the nurse for a daisy award. The nurse is then given a daisy pin to wear on their badge. To me, a nurse with extrinsic motivation would go above and beyond for their patients in order to obtain more daisy awards, where a nurse with intrinsic motivation would go above and beyond for their patients simply because they enjoy providing exceptional care. Or maybe the extrinsic nurse attends monthly meetings because he/she is afraid of getting a bad evaluation for not attending meetings, whereas the intrinsic nurse might go to meetings because they like to be up to date with unit news. Cherry (2018) states that to motivate an intrinsic individual, you should understand what they enjoy and what their goals are and provide them with a situation which allows them to meet their goals. To motivate an extrinsic individual, you should offer some kind of reward, or depending on the scenario, let the individual know what the consequences would be (Cherry, 2018).
Cherry, K. (2018). Extrinsic vs. Intrinsic Motivation: What’s the Difference? Retrieved from https://www.verywellmind.com/differences-between-e…